Monday, June 11, 2012

Basque Nationalist advance electorally in the North... and other stories from the elections in the French Republic

Because of the French imperialist-chauvinist political structure, the Northern Basque Country has no political organization whatsoever, not even a department, not even electoral districts. However the Basque Nationalist bloc (Euskal Herria Bai!) manages to get a slightly growing percentile of vote in the three historical regions in spite of all. 

On the worrying side the fascists of the National Front are also in that same zone of votes.

The electoral districts that divide the Northern Basque Country for the French elections (only results above 5% shown, the two leading candidates go for second round):

6th district (mostly South and Central Lapurdi): 
  1. UMP (French unionist right): 35.4%
  2. PS (French unionist center-left): 31.6%
  3. EH Bai! (Basque Nationalist mostly left coalition): 9.8%
  4. FN (French nazis): 6.3%
5th district (North Lapurdi and parts of Low Navarre):
  1. PS (French unionist center-left): 37.7%
  2. NC (French unionist center-right): 30.4%
  3. FN (French nazis): 7.1%
  4. FdG (French communists): 5.6%
  5. EH Bai! (Basque Nationalists): 5.3%
4th district (most Low Navarre, all Zuberoa and much of Bearn as well):
  1. PS (French unionist center-left): 32%
  2. MoDem (French unionist center-right):  26.28%
  3. UMP (French unionist right): 17.6%
  4. FdG (French communists): 7.6%
  5. EH Bai! (Basque Nationalists): 6.8%

Vote leader per commune in all the Atlantic Pyrenees department (Northern Basque Country and Bearn):

PS-red, UMP-blue, MoDem-orange, EH Bai!-yellow, Jean Grenet-cyan (source)

Overall in the French Republic

The results in France reinforce the twin party system with the ominous shadow of the nazis, relatively poor result for the two blocs of the left and collapse of the divided center-right (MoDem, NC).

  1. PS (center-left): 29.4%
  2. UMP (right): 27.1%
  3. FN (nazis): 13.6%
  4. FdG (communists): 6.9%
  5. EE-LV (greens): 5.5%

Screenshot from L'Humanité


Femu a Corsica, a nationalist-and-green coalition, will fight for a seat in the 1st district of Upper Corsica and in the 2nd district of Southern Corsica, where they reached second position, with 24.7% and 21.3% of the vote. Corsica Libera, which run separately, did not obtain such good results but still mustered 3-8% of the vote, depending on the district. 

Kanaky (New Caledonia) and Polynesia

The Melanesian colony, formally a special collectivity, voted massively for the socialist and nationalist Kanak candidates (yellow) in the rural areas, however the southern districts, largely inhabited by European settlers, rather supported the conservative unionist parties (blue).

The FLNKS, which fought a bitter guerrilla war in the recent past, wins in the 2nd district (all the country but Noumea and the smaller islands) with 36%, while it has been displaced in the 1st district by the unionist forces.

In French Polynesia (overseas territory) also, the nationalist candidates seem to be fielding strong, gathering 29% of the vote and second position.


Another French and EU territory with strong nationalist sentiment is the Caribbean colony of Martinique. The Martinican Independence Movement seems to be performing very strong: 40% in the 4th district, 28% in the 1st district (first force in both), 19% in the 3rd district but a mere 3% in the north (2nd district).

Sources: Kazeta[eu], Naiz[es], L'Humanité[fr],Liberation[fr].


  1. Résultats du 1er tour

    To access the results for the Caribbean islands, click on the left. The abstention was considerable.

    1. Thanks. I had difficulties gathering the overseas info from L'Humanité. I see that also in Guyane the "regionalists" have got some important support (17.4% in the 1st district, just 2.8% in the 2nd).

      There is a district in Alsace where some "regionalist" force was also gathering support but could not figure out who they are.

    2. Am I wrong or the Martinican nationalists are growing a lot? The references I could find form the MIM suggest it was a very small movement but now it dominates half the island and should send two MPs to Paris (out of four).

      Has the time of Martinican independence come or am I seeing things?

  2. 2 MPs out of 4 are now of nationalist obedience in Martinique. But when asked in 2010 if they wanted to become a "COM" ("collectivité d'outre-mer" : the same status as Polynesia), Martinicans said no ...

    1. I see, thanks for the info.

      I also saw that Alliot-Marie was kicked from her stronghold district of Southern Lapurdi, something I congratulate of.

  3. She indeed was ousted though it's more of a personal thing than a sociological revolution in this "circonscription". Allio-Marie's popularity has declined for some years now, strong abstention and a movement in favour of the left meant she was bound to lose.

    Nevertheless, IMO, the whole coast remains a right-wing stronghold (with the historical exception of Hendaye) partly because of "French" colonization. Let's be honest : towns like Biarritz are populated by French retired people who have deeply altered the sociological consciousness of the area. Both Michèle Alliot-Marie and Sylviane Alaux (the new MP) embody this phenomenon : this area is not ruled by autochtonous people anymore.

    Note that one should not care provided Basque culture remains strong. But that's not the case.

    BTW, in my opinion, we should put an end to that fiction of circonscriptions : we elect MPs on local issues. MPs are meant to forge French law, they are not a local executive power. IMO MPs should be elected on the basis of a national list. The Senate could then become the Assembly which truly embodies local and regional interests with Senators being elected to truly represent one's region. We don't need two parliaments which are about the same.


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